Gastric Bypass; It is a weight-loss method performed with surgery. This method is applied in the operating room with general anesthesia. A fasting of at least 8 hours is required while entering the surgery. A day before the operation, blood thinners are administered in sufficient doses to prevent blood clotting. After the patient is put to sleep by the anesthesiologist, a urinary prob is placed. Gastric Bypass surgery is performed with a closed method called laparoscopic. It is done with the help of a 30 cm long camera that is inserted into the abdomen by making several skin incisions of 5 to 10 mm in length. Then long rods with a thinner structure than the pen are placed inside the abdomen. With the help of these rods and sewing staples called staplers, a 6 cm long, 3 cm wide gastric pocket is created to the part of the normal stomach after the esophagus. In order to reduce digestion, the small intestine is combined with the intestinal stomach pouch, which is about 200 cm beyond the section called Treitz. In order to see the strength of the stitches formed between the new stomach pocket and the intestine, the anesthesiologist tests the stomach with a blue-dyed liquid, which is called the leak test. This test is sometimes done with air or sometimes using both methods. The operation is terminated by suturing the incisions without removing any stomach part.
Gastric Bypass surgery is one of the most performed surgeries in the world. This surgery is applied to people to lose weight with two mechanisms. In Gastric Bypass surgery, a small stomach volume is created. However, the small stomach is connected to the small intestine. Incoming nutrients bypass the large stomach and pass into the small intestine. This process is also called Gastric Bypass.
Gastric Bypass surgery is suitable for patients with a body mass index of more than 35, who have diabetes or who are fed sugary foods, alcohol, high-calorie snacks and coke.
You usually stay in the hospital for 2-3 days after surgery. After taking water and liquid foods during this time, you can be discharged by removing the drain if your doctor deems it appropriate.
After the surgery, you can easily feel full with a small amount of food intake. This situation will turn into satiety and loss of appetite over time. The use of necessary vitamin and mineral supplements will be followed by the instructions of surgeons and dietitians. In this way, you can lose weight very easily without losing vitamins and minerals.
After Gastric Bypass surgery, it is possible to lose 50-100% of your excess weight in a 1-2 year period. The success in losing weight is proportional to your compliance with your diet and exercise program after the surgery. After Gastric Bypass surgery, for example, someone who has undergone surgery with 120 kilograms can lose about 50-60 kg.